Today I toured Galerija Meštrović which houses marble, bronze, wood, and plaster masterpieces of Croatian sculptor Ivan Meštrović. He designed and built the gallery between 1931 and 1939. It was his home, studio, and exhibition space.
The magnificent gallery is surrounded by a Mediterranean garden with large bronze sculptures and a view of the Adriatic Sea including the Central Dalmatian Islands. Observing its spectacular beauty is a highlight of my time in Split!
Meštrović is Croatia’s most famous sculptor, painter, architect, and writer. He’s the first living artist to have a one-person show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City and revered to as “the greatest sculptor of religious subjects since the Renaissance”. He’s often compared to Michelangelo and Rodin.
In addition to the main gallery there’s a separate 16th Century Renaissance summer-house complex (chapel) which Meštrović refurbished as a place of “peace and contemplation”. The summer-house – named Holy Cross Chapel – is within walking distance of the gallery but secluded on a cliff above the sea.
The complex has a cloister with stone Doric columns and a crucifix. The chapel sanctuary exhibits “a cycle of 28 wooden reliefs portraying the Life of Jesus of Nazareth along the walls”. Renovation of the wooden crucifix in the sanctuary is in process.
It took almost 35 years (1916 – 1950) for Meštrović to complete the cycle of wood reliefs and they remain “a masterpiece of European sacral sculpture”. The reliefs are so beautiful, they almost take your breath away – the detail is amazing! It was difficult getting a good photo with my little camera.
Meštrović’s works received rewards, and he accepted commissions for public monuments. He lived and worked in European cities such as Rome, Paris, London, Cannes, Geneva, and Zagreb. In 1954, President Dwight D. Eisenhower personally presented Meštrović with his US passport. Meštrović had various US university offers for positions as professor of sculpture.
“In 1952, in his will Meštrović made a donation to the Republic of Croatia, which made possible the founding of a museum institution – the Ivan Meštrović Gallery. The Gallery ceremoniously opened to the public on 9th September 1952. The Gallery was under the jurisdiction of the Conservation Institute for Dalmatia until 1955, when it became independent and placed under the Culture and Education Department of the City of Split.“
Meštrović was born in the small village of Vrpolje in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. A master stone cutter from Split noticed his talent and took him as an apprentice. Meštrović improved his artistic skills by studying the monumental buildings in Split. A wealthy mine owner from Vienna paid for Meštrović to move there and funded his admission to the Academy of Fine Arts – the rest is history.
Meštrović obviously had a fondness for the human figure – especially the female form. His magnificent work is awe-inspiring. The gallery and its setting couldn’t be more beautiful!
Meštrović suffered personal and family tragedies during World Wars I and II. In 1946, when Syracuse University in New York offered him a professorship he moved to the US. He died in 1962 at the age of 79, in South Bend, Indiana.