Ramadan in Istanbul

Istiklal Caddesi at Night

After a few days in Istanbul, I’m smitten with this vibrant, diverse, exotic city where things are always in motion! Communication is slightly more difficult than I remembered, although I can communicate with a few people at my hotel.


None of the flight attendants on Turkish Airlines spoke English. When I asked for details about landing and immigration procedures provided in Turkish, I got the “deer in the headlight” look. The plane landed away from the terminal, so we disembarked down the plank and took a bus to immigration. I followed the other passengers – they were stoic and focused on getting to the front of any lines. I made my way through passport control and discovered I had to get a visa (30 Euros cash) not at but BEFORE immigration. The immigration officer reprimanded me.

Istiklal Caddesi Musician

Turkey isn’t a member of the European Schengen countries that “abolished internal borders with other member nations and have unrestricted movement of people, goods, services, and capital”. I knew a Turkish visa was necessary but was mistaken thinking that it could be issued when passing through immigration – lesson well learned.

Blue Mosque

I felt rattled and hoped I’d make it to the baggage carousel in time to retrieve my luggage. After waiting in the passport control line, then walking to the visa counter to pay for my visa, passing immigration a second time, and finally finding the right baggage carousel, the other passengers had already collected their luggage. Someone removed mine from the carousel and placed it aside – so lucky my baggage was still there and unharmed! The other good luck was a patient airport pickup service. I was late, but they waited. I chilled during the ride to the hotel.

Hagia Sophia


In Istanbul, May 27th to June 24th is the 2017 Islamic holy month of Ramadan. It’s a mellow, happy time – a “month of fasting, prayer, empathy, and celebration across Turkey”. During Ramadan, Istanbul is “more special than usual”. “Istanbul-style Ramadan” is liberal compared to other Muslim countries.

Tünel Underground Tram

Ramadan Customs

“During the day, there’s a feeling of anticipation in the air. The multiple calls to prayer are vivid. After sunset, it’s a festive atmosphere with music and lights. Trees are draped with fairy lights and mosques display sparkling celebratory messages between their minarets. Families and friends come out together to promenade. Stalls sell religious items and provide traditional snacks for children.”

Except for the more conservative Muslim districts, restaurants, bars, and clubs are generally open as usual. They become busy at sunset – the time for fast to be broken, called iftar in Turkish. Some restaurants offer a special banquet-like iftar menu with unusual dishes on display – an opportunity to taste something new!

Mosque Cat


“In Istanbul, May 27th to June 24th is the 2017 Islamic holy month of Ramadan – a month of fasting, prayer, empathy, and celebration across Turkey””


Iftar Table

Even if you’re not Muslim and haven’t fasted you can join an iftar table. Temporary “marquee tents in crowded public areas allow local families to enjoy iftar provided by the neighborhood’s district governors”.  Along Istiklal Caddesi near my hotel, there’s a large iftar picnic. Special foods enjoyed during Ramadan include:

  • Pide – a large baked round flatbread for sharing
  • Güllaç – a milky pudding with pomegranate seeds and pistachio nuts


Baklava is one of my favorite sweets, and last night I stopped at a shop along Istiklal Caddesi to buy some of the treats. The person who waited on me explained the various kinds of baklava – he pointed to a special baklava only made during Ramadan – called şekerpare (sheh-ker-pah-reh). Şekerpare is prepared by “baking soft balls of almond based pastry dipped in thick lemon-flavored syrup”. It’s incredible!

Istanbul and Bosphorus-Map


“In Turkey, sweet foods symbolize happiness and goodwill, and no special occasion is complete without sweets and candies.”


Inside Blue Mosque

“Golden baklava baked pastries drizzled with syrup served with rich clotted cream, crumbly homemade halvah with roasted pine nuts, cheese fillings served hot, custards sprinkled with rose water and ground nuts, honey, and strings of walnuts coated in grape molasses. Each version is delicious, but they’re more than that. In Turkey, sweet foods symbolize happiness and goodwill, and no special occasion is complete without sweets and candies. This is especially true of Ramadan, when desserts and candies are an essential part of every meal and a symbol of hospitality to visitors.”

Street Musicians

Ramadan Music

During Ramadan, you hear “nasheeds” – Islamic singers – everywhere. I’ve noticed the sweet exotic sounds made by street musicians playing wonderful traditional Turkish instruments. In some neighborhoods, an hour or so before dawn, “Ramadan drummers and their entourage walk the streets while beating rhythm to wake everyone in time for sahur – the early morning meal eaten before sunrise and fasting.”

Tünel Tracks under Bosphorus


On the last day of Ramadan, the streets are hectic with “everyone trying to reach extended family for the three-day Şeker Bayram – also called Eid al-Fitr.” Şeker Bayram marks the end of Ramadan. It’s a busy day on Istanbul’s trams, ferries, and subway.

Galata Tower from Bosphorus

I’m happy in the Beyoğlu (Pera) district on Istanbul’s European side – a quarter block from Istiklal Caddesi (Independence Avenue) which is always hopping! Bought an Istanbul card good for metros, ferries, funiculars, and tramways. Metro and tram connections are nearby. Yesterday I visited the magnificent Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia on the old historic side. I took the Tünel tram that goes under the Golden Horn – an inlet of the Bosphorus Strait – connecting Sultanahmet with Karaköy and Beyoğlu.

Riding the ferries and exploring the amazing islands is next. Istanbul’s skyline is best seen from the water. I’ve become a little lazy about taking photographs, partly because the constantly moving crowds are so intense….

2 thoughts on “Ramadan in Istanbul

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