Czech Cubism


House of the Black Madonna

House of the Black Madonna Prague

Before World War I Prague was one of the most important centers for Cubism outside Paris. The avant-garde movement was active there from 1912 to 1914.

Vlastislav Hofman

Vlastislav Hofman

Being a novice at identifying architectural styles, this visit has helped me appreciate and understand Prague’s eclectic architecture – Gothic, Medieval Romanesque, 19th century Neo-Baroque, Art Nouveau, 20th century Art Deco, and Cubist. Known as the “Golden City of 100 Spires” Prague is undeniably one of the oldest and most beautiful cities in the world. Each day brings another surprise and a new architectural treasure!

Cubist Furniture

Cubist Furniture

Kovarovic Villa

Kovarovic Villa

The incredible variety of architecture here is one reason Prague was so affected by Cubism. The Czech Cubist movement is visible in the design of “geometrically enhanced” building facades, furniture, and decorative objects throughout Prague. Even the bridges have a Cubist flair.

Cooperative House

Cooperative House

“There’s a wonderful visual splendor to Prague. It’s literally a three-dimensional collage of textures, façades, ornamentation, and architectural details. Cubism is one architectural style unique to Prague. It developed in the 20th Century after French artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque developed Cubist painting, revolutionizing the European art world.”

Cernin Palace

Cernin Palace

Four designers and artists were the most impressive of the Czech Cubists – Pavel Janak, Josef Gocar, Josef Cholcol, and Vlastislav Hofman.

Picasso

Picasso

Georges Braque

Georges Braque

“In the early 1900s Prague became a Cubist City with Cubist apartment blocks furnished with Cubist furniture. Prague’s inhabitants drank from Cubist cups and ate on Cubist plates. They put flowers in Cubist vases, told time with Cubist clocks, and read books and magazines in Cubist typeface under Cubist lamps and light fixtures! Much of this wonderful legacy still survives throughout Prague’s beautiful and varied neighborhoods .”

Cubist Light Fixture

Cubist Light Fixture

Hodek Apartment in Vyšehrad is a major Cubist building in Prague. Architect Josef Cholcol designed the stunning building with distinct crystal shapes. Another Cholcol Cubist building is elegant Kovarovic Villa, also in Vyšehrad.

Vlastislav Hofman

Vlastislav Hofman

Chochol Hodek Apartment House

Chochol Hodek Apartment

There are Czech Cubist buildings, gateways, fountains, and lampposts throughout Prague. The Cooperative Housing building in Old Town’s Jewish Quarter is a notable Cubist building. Otakar Novotny designed the building after World War I as part of “social planning” throughout Europe. Unlike other Cubist buildings, the Cooperative Housing project has colorful façade detailing – not typical of the monochromatic Czech Cubist style.

House of the Black Madonna Stairway

House of the Black Madonna Stairway

Josef Cholcol Chair

Josef Cholcol Chair

The Cooperative Housing building is in an upscale residential block in a posh Old Town neighborhood near Altneu Synagogue. Nearly 800 years apart in age, the geometry of the Gothic synagogue has some visual similarities with the Cooperative Housing building. They both have fanciful geometric characteristics.

Altneu Synagogue

Altneu Synagogue Jewish Quarter

One of the most striking and beautiful examples of Czech Cubist architecture in Prague is the House of the Black Madonna in Old Town. Its “sharp angle” complements surrounding historical buildings in the area. Kubista Gallery is in the building. When you go inside you suddenly “find yourself in a charming environment of furniture, books, period postcards, and jewelry from the days when Cubism truly was a trend.”

Cubism in Prague Bridges

Cubism in Prague Bridges

Pavel Janak Vases

Pavel Janak Vases

Georges Braque

Georges Braque

The Veletržní Palace gallery has a great collection of Czech Cubist art, including paintings by Emil Filla and drawings and building models by Josef Gočár. Filla and Gočár believed that “objects carried their own inter energy which could only be released by splitting their horizontal and vertical surfaces. They thought more conservative designs restrained and ignored the needs of the human soul.”

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