Piazza del Popolo
The hot weather in Rome zaps your energy. I’ve been leaving my apartment mid-morning, returning around 4 pm to recharge, and going out later – when things cool down a bit. Although the metro is great, getting around in the heat requires effort and energy. Walking is the best way to see Rome.
Piazza del Popolo isn’t Rome’s most popular piazza, but it’s beautiful. “This oval space, fills a basin between the Tiber River and the terraced 19th century Pincio Gardens leading up to Villa Borghese Park. The gardens belonged to Nero’s family and supposedly hide the site where they secretly buried the crazed and despised emperor after he committed suicide.”
In the middle of the piazza there’s an “ancient Egyptian obelisk of Ramses II surrounded by a quartet of lions sending sheets of water splashing into basins at their paws”. Romans moved the obelisk from Heliopolis Egypt and placed it at Rome’s Circus Maximus. In 1589, Pope Sixtus V ordered the obelisk moved to Piazza del Popolo.
Basilica of Santa Maria del Popolo
“Pope Sixtus V’s grand civil engineering project was creating the first modern European city by linking Rome’s major churches. With the help of Italian architect Domenico Fontana, he created new squares across Rome. Sixtus V anchored each square with an ancient obelisk and linked them with a web of three streets branching from each square to symbolize the Trinity.” Rome has the most obelisks of any city in the world – eight from ancient Egypt, five Roman, several modern versions, and one from Ethiopia.
It was customary for pilgrims to come to the Eternal City to gain “indulgences” – remission of the time to be spent in Purgatory by their souls or those of their relatives. During pilgrimages, they visited Rome’s main churches, including Basilica of Santa Maria del Popolo and:
- St. Peter’s Basilica
- St. Paul Basilica
- St. Sebastian Basilica
- St. John Lateran
- Basilica of the Holy Cross
- St. Lawrence Church
- St. Mary Major Basilica
Museo Leonardo da Vinci
I visited Museo Leonardo da Vinci which blew my mind. The museum is under the Basilica of Santa Maria del Popolo. I didn’t know that da Vinci was a military mastermind.
The museum contains models of the many military machines he designed for battles. I thought of him as a painter more than a military engineer. Touring the museum gave me a new appreciation for his well-deserved title “The Universal Genius” – artist, designer, experimenter, philosopher, scientist, anatomist, cosmologist, cartographer, engineer, and architect! The museum contains reproductions of some of da Vinci’s paintings and drawings and information about the creation and crucial restoration of his most famous masterpieces, including:
- The Last Supper
- Mona Lisa
- La belle Ferronnière
- Portrait of a Young Fiancée
- The Virgin of the Rocks
As with all things Roman – in addition to their beauty, the artwork and architecture have historical significance and many layers of deeper, symbolic meaning.