Potsdam Germany UNESCO World Heritage Site

Schloss Sanssouci Potsdam – http://www.isango.com

Yesterday I took a day trip to Potsdam, capital of the State of Brandenburg 15 miles south of Berlin. Scenery during the train ride changed from graffiti tagged concrete walls to colorful autumn trees and stately mansions in Berlin’s wealthy west suburbs. October weather has been phenomenal with warm sunny days, but it’s getting colder. Light rain didn’t hamper the beauty of the area, but it wasn’t great for photography.

St. Nicholas Church

I talked with people on the tour – mostly English-speaking Millennials from other countries who were interns or employees of German film and video game companies. They shared their challenges learning Berlin’s public transportation system and said it took them 6 months to acclimate. They thought it would take a long time to learn German in Berlin – versus a small German village – primarily because of the many versions spoken within diverse cultures. I’m slowly picking up German words and phrases – important because many Berliners don’t speak English.

Russian Orthodox Church Alexandrovka © Hans Bach

Get Your Guide, a group I’ve used in other European cities, led the tour. Potsdam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with baroque architecture, world-famous palaces, gardens, historic quarters, parks, lakes, and estates. The area was once the residence and garrison town of Prussian Kings and German Kaisers. Our guide was from Lisbon Portugal, but he’s lived in Berlin for over 4 years. As with most tours, it was fast-paced and full of details – a good introduction to the area.

Potsdam Church of St. Peter and Paul

Marble Palace Near Sacred Lake New Garden Potsdam

Potsdam’s palaces aren’t as grand as Versailles or Vienna, but it’s an impressive area with a fascinating combination of old and new. In the summer Berliners visit the lakes and parks for hiking, biking, swimming, boating, and nude sun bathing. The gardens are more natural than the manicured ones embellishing most European palaces.

St. Nicholas Church Dome

Potsdam Attractions

These are summaries of Potsdam’s best known attractions. During our six-hour walking tour we passed by attractions but didn’t view interiors – that’s a separate trip. My favorite park was once a royal hunting ground near Grunewald Hunting Lodge.

Hunting Lodge

Brandenburg has a chain of beautiful lakes – Havel Lakes – that surround Potsdam and include Dampferfahrten, Templiner, Fahrlander, Griebnitzsee, and Schwielowsee. A boat trip with a water view of the castles, churches, and parks sounds interesting.

Museum Barberini – Museums Heritage

Sanssouci Palace – constructed in 1747 this palace was the summer residence of Frederick the Great. The name translates from French to “without a care”. Sanssouci and Potsdam were where Frederick escaped busy Berlin.

House Potsdam

Dutch Quarter – is the largest Dutch housing development outside the Netherlands. Potsdam is surrounded by water, so Frederick brought builders from the Netherlands to construct his palaces because they were familiar with similar soil conditions.

Filmmuseum

Cecilienhof Palace – last castle built by the House of Hohenzollern – and the Historic Site of the Potsdam Conference. When fighting ended in Europe, the three major Allies of World War II –  American President Harry S. Truman, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee (his successor), and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin – met at Cecilienhof to establish a Council of Foreign Ministers and central Control Council.

Cecilienhof New Garden

Alexandrovka – is a Russian Colony in northern Potsdam. Frederick brought Russian singers and dancers to Potsdam to entertain his guests. Many relocated permanently.

Dutch Quarter

Filmmuseum – encompasses the media city Babelsberg, including Studio Babelsberg – the oldest film studio in the world and the largest in Europe – Film Park BabelsbergRadio Berlin-Brandenburg (RBB), the Film University Babelsberg Konrad Wolf, Babelsberg Film School, and the Film University Babelsberg.

Potsdam Windmill

Barberini Museum – a privately donated art museum in Potsdam’s Old Market center housed in a reconstructed Baroque palace. The museum’s benefactor is billionaire Hasso Plattner.

Bridge of Spies

Bridge of Spies

Bridge of SpiesGlienicke Bridge was built over the Havel River in 1907 to connect Berlin’s Wannsee District with Potsdam. During the Cold War, the US and Soviet Union exchanged spies over the bridge. Steven Spielberg’s 2015 film – Bridge of Spies – tells the story of lawyer James B. Donovan who negotiated the release of Francis Gary Powers, an Air Force spy plane pilot shot down over the Soviet Union in 1960. Powers was exchanged for Rudolf Ivanovich Abel, a convicted KGB spy held by the United States.

Lindstedt Castle and Park

Einstein Tower – is home of an astrophysical observatory for studying magnetic fields related to solar spots. The tower is named after Albert Einstein. From 1929 to 1932, Einstein and his wife lived in Caputh, a village near Potsdam. Today, the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics – part of the Leibniz Association – manages the observatory.

Potsdam Old Market © Barbara Plate

Potsdam Brandenburg Gate – in the centre of Luisenplatz in downtown Potsdam is an original mock-up of Berlin’s grand gate on Pariser Platz.

Alexandrovka © Michael Lüder

Church of St. Peter and Paul – restored Catholic church that suffered serious damage during WWII bombings.

Schloss Sanssouci

St. Nicolas Church – the beautiful neo-classical Protestant church on the Old Market in Potsdam is listed as a sacred building.

Hunting Lodge

Berlin-Potsdam UNESCO World Heritage Area

Due to their “uniqueness, influence on art history, and proven association with historically significant events” the “Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin” joined UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1990.

Marble Palace © Ulf Böttcher

Sculpture Sanssouci

The Berlin-Potsdam World Heritage area extends from Peacock Island on the Havel River in the east to beyond the New Palace in the west. It includes the Berlin, Brandenburg, and Saxony-Anhalt areas with their villages, castles, and parks – Sacrow, Glienicke, Babelsberg, Sanssouci, Charlottenhof, Lindstedt, and New Garden.

Boat House Near Hunting Lodge

There’s so much to explore in Brandenburg and the tour peaked my interest. I’ll be returning. Unbelievably :(, I got lost on the way back to my apartment in Kreuzberg. Our train from Potsdam stopped in Charlottenburg and it was difficult finding the hidden U-Bahn connection (a 10-minute walk). The train, underground, S-Bahn, bus, and tram connections are still confusing – at least to me.

Frederick William I Hunting Lodge

Salvador Dalí Museum Berlin

The Persistence of Memory 1931 Salvador Dalí

Berlin’s Dalí Museum is a permanent exhibition at Potsdamer Platz with more than 450 original artworks by Spanish artist Salvador Dalí. The museum offers “insight into Dalí’s virtuosity and mastership of almost all art techniques”.

Salvador Dali Theater Museum Figueres Spain

I had no idea what a diverse artist Dalí was. The amazing exhibits include original lithographs, illustrations, photography, sculpting, xylographs, drypoint etchings, mixed-media graphics, héliogravures, Olympic medals, jewelry designs, and even a short film. Videos placed throughout the museum illustrate techniques Dalí used to create some of his work.

Salvador Dalí

Salvador Dalí Surrealism Paintings Photo Gallery

Although I’ve never been a Dalí fan, his Surrealistic paintings are fascinating, and this exhibit gave me new appreciation of his art and creativity. He’s considered a genius. In addition to his more avant-garde paintings, Dalí created beautiful landscapes and portraiture. This is a list of his works created between 1913 and 1983.

The Berlin museum is a great introduction to Dalí’s complex world. Over 70 years he produced 1160 artworks and even illustrated his own life for the opening of his museum in Figueres Spain!

The Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee 1944 Salvador Dalí

Boat 1918 Salvador Dalí

Salvador Dalí

_____________

“Surrealist artists rejected the rational in art; and instead aimed to channel the unconscious to unlock the power of imagination.”

_____________

The Burning Giraffe 1937 Salvador Dalí

Dali used extensive symbolism in his work. Recurring “images in his paintings include elephants with brittle legs which evoke weightlessness; ants, thought to be his symbol for decay and death; and melting watches, perhaps symbolic of non-linear human perception of time”.

Tuna Fishing 1967 Salvador Dalí

Swans Reflecting Elephants 1937 Salvador Dalí

_____________

Dali became the “most influential Surrealist artist; and perhaps the most renowned twentieth century painter after Pablo Picasso”.

_____________

Galatea of the Spheres 1952 Salvador Dalí

Lobster Telephone 1936 Salvador Dalí

The museum contains so much info, it’s likely I’ll visit again. Some of Dalí’s most famous paintings include:

  • The Burning Giraffe
  • Tuna Fishing
  • Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee
  • Galatea of the Spheres
  • Metamorphosis of Narcissus
  • Christ of Saint John of the Cross
  • The Great Masturbator
  • Soft Construction with Boiled Beans
  • Swans Reflecting Elephants
  • The Persistence of Memory

A Shower of Jasmine 1954 Salvador Dalí

Salvador Dalí Surrealist