Zonnebloem and District Six Cape Town South Africa

Street Scene District Six
Artistic Street Scene District Six
District Six

Next week I begin volunteering at The Shine Centre in Zonnebloem, part of Cape Town inner-city District Six in City Bowl. District Six is a residential area which includes Walmer Estate, Zonnebloem, and Lower Vrede. Its interesting history began in the 1800s.

Andre de beers View of District Six – Busy.org

In 1838 during the British Era and after the release of slaves, African families needed inexpensive accommodation in Cape Town. To meet the needs of laborers, former slave owners turned ‘slumlords’ developed areas where they rented low-cost housing.

Monrovia Chapel District Six

There were no building restrictions in Cape Town until the 1860s. As a result, much of the housing in lower Cape Town and District Six was in cramped spaces between narrow alleyways without running water or plumbing.

District Six Street Scene
Home of Cape Jazz

In spite of poor, overcrowded housing conditions, District Six became a vibrant multi-racial working-class community and cultural centre. Those who lived there were supportive, tolerant, and enjoyed lively entertainment. As the heartbeat of Cape Town, District Six became the home of Cape jazz.

District Six Cape Town Street Art – Cape Town Photos
Artist Street Scene District Six
Diverse Population

The eclectic community included former slaves, artisans, merchants, Irish and Portuguese sailors, Jewish and other immigrants from Eastern Europe and Russia, Muslims, Xhosas, Cape Malay, and people brought to South Africa by the Dutch East India Company. There were fewer Afrikaners, whites, and Indians.

district six9
District Six Fishmonger
district six8
Lion’s Head and Table Mountain Backdrop District Six
Hanover Street District Six


Today, Capetonians think that in spite of poverty, District Six was “rich in spirituality and community character”.


district six6
District Six Street Scene
District Six – Blogilvy
1930s and WWII

During the 1930s District Six began a dramatic transformation. By the beginning of WWII, developers had built thousands of new homes in the area. The problem was that existing residents couldn’t afford higher rents for the new housing.

Woodstock Street Art – vacorps
Artistic Depiction District Six
1950-60s Government Redevelopment

Throughout the 1950s and 1960s the Cape Times ran a series of articles challenging District Six’s reputation as a “dirty infested place full of gangs and brothels”. Many saw redevelopment as a government scheme to introduce racial segregation. A series of articles in the Cape Times emphasized District Six’s positive aspects and fought back against forces pushing for destruction of the area because it was considered “crime-ridden, unsightly, and full of vice”.

Tale Mountain
Table Mountain

In 1966 South Africa’s National Party declared District Six a “White Group Area”. They destroyed all except religious buildings as part of a “slum clearance” project. Politicians claimed District Six was “squalid and dangerous”. During the redevelopment process, the government proceeded with “forced removal of about 150,000 people from unplanned residential areas“.

District Six – graffitisouthafrica.com
District Six Street Scene

The removal areas included coloured and African homes in District Six and Cape Flats. Many residents suffered the humiliation of being removed from their homes.

Woodstock District Six – graffitisouthafrica.com
St. Mark’s Anglican Church, Zonnebloem District Six – digital.lib.sun.ac.za
1970s Zonnebloem

In 1970 the government renamed District Six Zonnebloem (Dutch for sunflower), after the area’s original Dutch farm known as Zonnebloem Farming Estate. They wanted developers to transform the area, but activist organizations successfully discouraged further building.

District Six Museum – blog.agetaways.co.za
Corner Hanover and Tenant Street District Six – Kenneth Alexander South African Artists
Cape Peninsula University of Technology – Yellosa
1980s Oriental Plaza and Cape Technikon

By the 1980s Zonnebloem population was mostly middle-income Afrikaans-speaking whites.There was no new building in Zonnebloem other than Oriental Plaza developed by Indian traders. The South African government built Cape Technikon aka Cape Peninsula University of Technology and accommodation for its staff in Zonnebloem.

Cape Technikon Zonnebloem Campus – UCT Libraries Digital Collections
AL Azhar Mosque Oldest Mosque in District Six
1990s Fall of Apartheid

Since the fall of apartheid in 1994 District Six is still largely barren. Schools, churches, and mosques are all that remain of the original buildings. Today, Capetonians think that in spite of poverty, District Six was “rich in spirituality and community character”.

District Six

District Six is a symbol of “what apartheid did to families and communities”. The South African government recognized the claims of former District Six residents, pledging its support for rebuilding in the area.

Nelson Mandela Mural District Six – TripSavvy


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